Just Taxes Blog by ITEP

State Rundown 3/9: One State Stands Out Amid the Avalanche of Tax Cuts

State Rundown 3/9: One State Stands Out Amid the Avalanche of Tax Cuts

March 9, 2022

ITEP
.ITEP Staff

The avalanche of regressive tax-cut proposals coming out of state legislatures has not slowed over the course of the winter months, but like a Saint Bernard with its keg of brandy coming to the aid of a lost traveler, New Mexico has provided a shot of hope to advocates of tax equity.* The governor recently signed into law a bill that provides residents with tax relief, but lawmakers were wise to ensure that it was targeted to those who needed it most. Specifically, a one-time income tax rebate of $250 and new Child Tax Credit were authorized. Both are targeted, and more importantly, refundable, to maximize their impact on low-income families. While the bill also includes a slight reduction to the state’s version of a sales tax and expands the exemption for Social Security income, it was done in a way that preserves equity and stands in stark contrast to states considering highly regressive and irresponsible permanent tax cuts like Georgia, Indiana, and Kentucky (which you can read more about below). ITEP’s Marco Guzman goes into more detail about why the New Mexico tax bill stands out from the other proposals from around the country being considered or enacted this year.

*Okay, so it turns out that this might be a myth, but you get the gist.

Major State Tax Proposals and Developments

  • The GEORGIA House of Representatives passed a highly regressive $1 billion income tax cut bill that would very likely force major spending cuts. The majority of the tax cut would benefit only the top 20 percent of taxpayers. – KAMOLIKA DAS
  • A bill reducing the individual income tax rate from 3.23 to 2.9 percent over seven years is heading to INDIANA Gov. Eric Holcomb’s desk. The bill also reduces taxes on utility companies by $220 million but requires companies to pass savings on to consumers. Together the cuts will reduce state revenue by $1.1 billion once fully phased in. – NEVA BUTKUS
  • KENTUCKY House lawmakers have passed a bill reducing their flat individual income tax from 5 to 4 percent. The bill includes triggers that could eventually phase out Kentucky’s income tax entirely. – NEVA BUTKUS
  • NEW MEXICO Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham officially signed House Bill 163 into law. The bill, among other things, slightly reduces the state’s gross receipts tax, creates a new Child Tax Credit of up to $175 per child based on income, and provides one-time rebates of $250 to single filers earning under $75,000 and $500 to couples earning less than $150,000. – MARCO GUZMAN
  • Last Thursday, OKLAHOMA House Republicans, led by Speaker of the House Charles McCall, released a slew of tax proposals that included a one-time tax rebate of $125 for single filers ($250 for joint filers), income tax rate reductions of 0.25 percentage points in each bracket, suspension of the grocery sales tax for two years, enhancement of the grocery sales tax credit, and an eight-year phaseout of the corporate income tax. – BRAKEYSHIA SAMMS

Governors’ Annual Addresses and State of State Speeches

State Roundup

  • ALASKA‘s House majority caucus has proposed payments of $1,300 to residents to provide relief for inflation, the increasing cost of fuel, and the COVID-19 pandemic. The plan has the support of Gov. Mike Dunleavy and would come in addition to the annual permanent fund dividends.
  • ARIZONA gubernatorial candidate Katie Hobbs is calling for several new tax exemptions and credits, including a child tax credit that would allow families with incomes of up to $100,000 get $250 per child each month. Hobbs estimates that this would apply to about 600,000 children.
  • CALIFORNIA could attempt to rein in rising housing costs by taxing “house flippers” at 25 percent of profits if they buy and sell within three years.
  • Tax debates are heating up in CONNECTICUT, where the finance committee is planning to make final recommendations in about a month. Recent discussions have included a mansion tax and a surcharge on capital gains income for very-high-income households, though Gov. Ned Lamont is opposed. Lamont is focusing on his proposal to raise an existing property tax credit and reduce local car taxes. Also on the table are sales and restaurant tax cuts.
  • A bill out of IDAHO that would raise the state sales tax to the highest in the nation (7.85 percent) and eliminate most property taxes on owner-occupied homes was recently introduced in the House. The bill would also increase the grocery tax credit to $175 for all filers.
  • MAINE businesses came together to urge state lawmakers to vote against a bill that would suspend the state’s gas tax through the end of 2022. Those who signed on to the joint news release cited the vital need for those funds to fix roads and support transportation projects.
  • NEW YORK Gov. Kathy Hochul is smartly skeptical about calls for a gas tax holiday, reviewing the issue to ensure any action the state takes is meaningful to New York families.
  • PENNSYLVANIA legislators have introduced a bill that would create a refundable state earned income tax credit (EITC) that would reach 25 percent of the federal credit by 2031.
  • Legislators in SOUTH CAROLINA are considering $100 rebate checks to tax filers as part of their tax cut package.
  • Joining the list of states debating this issue, TENNESSEE lawmakers have called on Gov. Bill Lee to declare a moratorium on the state gas tax.
  • The SOUTH DAKOTA Senate refused to act on a bipartisan bill that would have repealed sales tax on food after Senate GOP leadership declined to move the bill forward.
  • Gov. Phil Scott called on legislators to support his proposal to provide a $250- $275 rebate check to property taxpayers in VERMONT. The proposal would provide the same rebate to each taxpayer, regardless of the individual’s property tax value.
  • The VIRGINIA General Assembly session was scheduled to adjourn on Saturday but it may be extended to give the House and Senate more time to discuss tax cuts, especially the House-backed proposal to double the standard deduction.
  • WASHINGTON lawmakers abandoned a proposed fuel export tax after neighboring states strongly objected.
  • The WEST VIRGINIA House passed a state budget proposal that includes 10 percent income tax cuts and reinstates the film tax credit. The House budget now heads back to the Senate.
  • WISCONSIN Gov. Tony Evers signed two bills that allowed taxpayers reporting capital losses to pay lower taxes. The first bill is targeted to restaurant owners and is expected to reduce their taxes by $27 million. The second bill increases the amount filers can claim in net capital loss deductions.
  • During a special session, Republican lawmakers in WISCONSIN officially rejected Gov. Tony Evers’ plan to provide one-time $150 payments to residents of the state.

What We’re Reading

  • Stateline reviews some of the ways states are attempting to join the effort to sanction Russia for invading Ukraine, from divesting state pension funds from Russian investments to ceasing sales of Russian liquor.
  • Author and Professor Maurice T. Cunningham sheds light on the dark money fueling Michigan’s Let MI Kids Learn ballot initiative which would create the state’s first school voucher program in the Detroit Free Press.
  • Vox explores some of the ins and outs of Land Value Taxes, an idea proponents say could help address the nation’s housing affordability crisis.
  • Route Fifty reports that local transit agencies were awarded $2.2 billion in federal aid this week to help bus and subway systems persevere amid pandemic-related declines in ridership.

 

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