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Who Pays? Sixth Edition

New 50-State Analysis: Poorest 20 percent pays a 50 percent higher effective state and local tax rate than the top 1 percent

ITEP’s sixth edition of Who Pays? A Distributional Analysis of the Tax System in All 50 States finds that most state and local tax systems continue to tax low- and middle-income households at higher rates than the wealthy.

Federal Tax Cuts in the Bush, Obama, and Trump Years

Since 2000, tax cuts have reduced federal revenue by trillions of dollars and disproportionately benefited well-off households. From 2001 through 2018, significant federal tax changes have reduced revenue by $5.1 trillion, with nearly two-thirds of that flowing to the richest fifth of Americans.

Tax Cuts 2.0 Resources

The $2 trillion 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) includes several provisions set to expire at the end of 2025. GOP leaders have introduced a bill informally called “Tax Cuts 2.0” or “Tax Reform 2.0,” which would make the temporary provisions permanent. The Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy (ITEP) has state-by-state analyses as well as other resources that explain this legislation and its consequences.

Extensions of the New Tax Law’s Temporary Provisions Would Mainly Benefit the Wealthy

This analysis finds that extending the temporary tax provisions in 2026 would not be aimed at helping the middle-class any more than TCJA as enacted helps the middle-class in 2018.

ITEP Resources on the Proposed SALT Workaround Regulations

As taxpayers across the country find ways to circumvent the cap on SALT deductions, the IRS has proposed regulations to end "charitable donations" in the name of tax avoidance. ITEP expert Carl Davis shares resources for what you need to know about the SALT cap workarounds.

Expertise

Federal Policy

ITEP’s federal policy resources provide quantitative and qualitative research and analysis on current tax policies, proposals, and reform options. Its distributional analyses highlight how tax proposals will affect low-income, middle-class and wealthy Americans nationally and in all 50 states.

Learn more about our Federal Policy work


State Policy

State taxes pay for essential public services, from education to health care. But the ideal design of a tax system is complicated. ITEP’s state policy resources offer insights into central issues, including the impact of state tax systems on individuals, families, and businesses. Its work also analyzes the sustainability of revenue sources over time.

Learn more about our State Policy work


Corporate Tax Research

ITEP’s corporate tax research examines the tax practices of Fortune 500 companies. Besides its corporate study on average effective tax rates paid by the nation’s largest, most profitable corporations, ITEP produces research on subjects such as offshore cash holdings, tax haven abuse, executive stock options and other tax loopholes.

See our Corporate Tax Policy work


Expert's View

The truth is, if lawmakers truly wanted to craft a tax overhaul that would benefit working people most, they would have started from fundamentally different principles and developed policies that would provide true tax relief for all working families while shutting down favorable tax treatment for rich people.
Alan Essig

Alan Essig
Executive Director

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