A tiny fraction of the U.S. population (one-half of one percent) earns more than $1 million annually. But in 2018 this elite group would receive 48.8 percent of the tax cuts proposed by the Trump administration. A much larger group, 44.6 percent of Americans, earns less than $45,000, but would receive just 4.4 percent of the tax cuts.
The first group, the millionaires, would receive an average tax cut of more than $217,000 in 2018, equal to 7 percent of their income. The second group, those making less than $45,000, would receive an average tax cut of just $230, equal to less than one percent of their income.
As the state-specific versions of this brief demonstrate, the number of millionaires in each state varies considerably but, in every state, they receive a disproportionately large share of the tax breaks.
The figures in this brief have been calculated by the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy (ITEP) based on broad principles for tax policy released by the Trump administration on April 26 as well as subsequent statements by administration officials. Because the principles and statements left many unanswered questions, the estimates required some assumptions. ITEP’s longer report explains these assumptions and each tax proposal in detail. That report concludes that the Trump tax principles would reduce revenue by at least $4.8 trillion over 10 years.
The table below provides more detail about the effects of the administration’s tax proposals on households at different income levels.
The Trump tax proposals included in these figures are the following, which are described in more detail in ITEP’s longer report.
Repeal of the 3.8 percent tax on investment income for the rich.
Repeal of the Alternative Minimum Tax.
Repeal of personal exemptions and doubling of the standard deduction.
Replacement of current income tax brackets with three brackets, 10 percent, 25 percent, and 35 percent.
Elimination of all itemized deductions except those for charitable giving and home mortgage interest.
Special tax rate (15 percent) for businesses that do not pay the corporate income tax.
New deduction and tax credit for child care.
Repeal of special tax breaks for businesses and reduction in the corporate income tax rate from 35 percent to 15
Repeal of the estate tax.
Click to see the distribution for taxes in your state: